Volume 37 - Article 7 | Pages 147–188

Childbearing trends in Iceland, 1982–2013: Fertility timing, quantum, and gender preferences for children in a Nordic context

By Ari Klængur Jónsson

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:01 Nov 2016
Date published:25 Jul 2017
Word count:7300
Keywords:childbearing, childbearing trends, gender preferences for children, Iceland, Nordic fertility regime, parity progression, standardized birth rates
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.7
 

Abstract

Background: Iceland is one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, but one that does not seem to have experienced the same fertility fluctuations as most other countries, following the enhanced role of women in society.

Objective: In this study we examine the childbearing trends in Iceland during 1982–2013 by analysing the progressions to parities one, two, and three. We also investigate whether there is evidence of gender preferences for children among Icelandic parents.

Methods: Official individual longitudinal register data is used, covering the total female population born in Iceland between 1941 and 1997. The data is analysed by means of event history analysis.

Results: We find evidence of tendencies to postpone motherhood during the period, with increases in fertility for women in their 30s and 40s. The propensity to have a second and a third child has not declined; on the contrary, these birth intensities have increased since the mid-1980s. Estimates suggest that Icelandic parents prefer to have daughters.

Conclusions: During a period of increased educational attainment and postponed family formation, the resilience of Icelandic fertility is intriguing.

Contribution: The study provides the first comprehensive overview of fertility trends in Iceland.

Author's Affiliation

Ari Klængur Jónsson - Stockholms Universitet, Sweden [Email]

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Childbearing Developments in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the 1970s to the 1990s: A Comparison
Special Collection 3 - Article 7    | Keywords: childbearing, childbearing trends

» The timing of marriage vis-à-vis coresidence and childbearing in Europe and the United States
Volume 36 - Article 20    | Keywords: childbearing

» Fertility progression in Germany: An analysis using flexible nonparametric cure survival models
Volume 35 - Article 18    | Keywords: parity progression

» The contributions of childbearing within marriage and within consensual union to fertility in Latin America, 1980-2010
Volume 34 - Article 29    | Keywords: childbearing

» Are there gender differences in family trajectories by education in Finland?
Volume 33 - Article 44    | Keywords: childbearing

Articles

 

Citations

 

 

Similar Articles

 

 

Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID