Volume 36 - Article 41 | Pages 1209-1254

Childbearing among first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia against the background of the sending and host countries

By Allan Puur, Leen Rahnu, Liili Abuladze, Luule Sakkeus, Sergei Zakharov

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Date received:17 Jun 2016
Date published:13 Apr 2017
Word count:8133
Keywords:adaptation, cultural maintenance, Estonia, Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), migrant descendants, migrant fertility, Russia, selectivity, socialization
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.41
 

Abstract

Background: An expanding literature documents the childbearing patterns of migrants and their descendants in contemporary Europe. The existing evidence pertains mainly to the northern, western, and southern regions of the continent, while less is known about the fertility of migrants who have moved between the countries of Eastern Europe.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the fertility patterns of first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia, relative to the sending and host populations.

Methods: The study draws on the Estonian and Russian Generations and Gender Surveys. Proportional hazards models are estimated for the transitions to first, second, and third births.

Results: Russian migrants in Estonia exhibit greater similarity to the sending population, with a lower propensity for having a second and third birth than the host population. This pattern extends to the descendants of migrants. However, mixed Estonian-Russian parentage, enrolment in Estonian-language schools, and residence among the host population are associated with the convergence of Russians’ childbearing behaviour with the host-country patterns. The findings support the cultural maintenance and adaptation perspectives; selectivity was found to be less important.

Contribution: The study focuses on a previously under-researched context and underscores the importance of contextual factors in shaping migrants’ fertility patterns. It raises the possibility that, depending on the childbearing trends and levels among the sending and receiving populations, large-scale migration may reduce rather than increase aggregate fertility in the host country. With the advancement of the fertility transition in sending countries, this situation may become more common in Europe in the future.

Author's Affiliation

Allan Puur - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Leen Rahnu - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Liili Abuladze - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Luule Sakkeus - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Sergei Zakharov - National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russian Federation [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Socioeconomic and cultural differentials in mortality in a late 19th century urban setting: A linked records study from Tartu, Estonia, 1897-1900
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» Partnership dynamics among migrants and their descendants in Estonia
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» Varying association between education and second births in Europe: Comparative analysis based on the EU-SILC data
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» Jobs, careers, and becoming a parent under state socialist and market conditions: Evidence from Estonia 1971-2006
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» Intergenerational family constellations in contemporary Europe: Evidence from the Generations and Gender Survey
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» Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: Evidence from the Estonian GGS
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» Reconciling studies of men’s gender attitudes and fertility: Response to Westoff and Higgins
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» Men's childbearing desires and views of the male role in Europe at the dawn of the 21st century
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» Russian Federation: From the first to second demographic transition
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» First union formation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: patterns across countries and gender
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