Volume 36 - Article 38 | Pages 1109-1148 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

How kinship systems and welfare regimes shape leaving home: A comparative study of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and China

By Bernhard Nauck, Nicolai Gröpler, Chin-Chun Yi

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:05 Jul 2016
Date published:06 Apr 2017
Word count:11434
Keywords:China, cross-national comparison, discrete-time event history, Germany, leaving home, life course analysis, Taiwan, transition to adulthood, United States
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.38
Additional files:readme.36-38 (text file, 5 kB)
 demographic-research.36-38 (zip file, 766 kB)
 

Abstract

Objective: This paper aims to explain societal differences in the event of leaving the parental home as part of the transition to adulthood, in the United States, Germany, China, and Taiwan. It proposes bridge hypotheses between societal characteristics such as kinship system and welfare regime and home-leaving behavior, and tests them with nationally representative panel studies.

Methods: Four panel studies (NLSY97 for the USA; PAIRFAM for Germany; CFPS for China; TYP for Taiwan) were harmonized for similar cohorts, with an age span of 15 to 30 years. Testing was based on age-specific tabulations of household composition and separate discrete-time event history models.

Results: The prevalence of home-leaving is highest in the United States, followed by Germany, China, and then Taiwan. Timing is earlier in the United States than in Germany, and earlier in China than in Taiwan. Gender-specific coincidence of home-leaving with entry into higher education, the work force, cohabitation, and marriage can be conclusively related to differences in kinship system and welfare regime, and regional opportunity disparities.

Contribution: The empirical results point to significant cultural differences between home-leaving in collectivistic, patrilineal societies (China, Taiwan) and individualistic, bilineal societies (USA, Germany). Whereas neolocal housing signifies an important step in the transition to adulthood in the latter societies, continuous intergenerational housing, or even an early return to it, is normatively supported in collectivistic cultures. Differences between the United States and Germany on the one hand, and China and Taiwan on the other, point to variation in welfare regimes and differences in urbanization.

Author's Affiliation

Bernhard Nauck - Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany [Email]
Nicolai Gröpler - Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany [Email]
Chin-Chun Yi - Academia Sinica, Taiwan [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Value of Children and the social production of welfare
Volume 30 - Article 66

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» The diversity in longitudinal partnership trajectories during the transition to adulthood: How is it related to individual characteristics and regional living conditions?
Volume 35 - Article 37    | Keywords: Germany, transition to adulthood

» Transition to adulthood in China in 1982−2005: A structural view
Volume 34 - Article 16    | Keywords: China, transition to adulthood

» Leaving the parental home in post-war Japan: Demographic changes, stem-family norms and the transition to adulthood
Volume 20 - Article 30    | Keywords: leaving home, transition to adulthood

» A comparative analysis of leaving home in the United States, the Netherlands and West Germany
Volume 7 - Article 17    | Keywords: Germany, United States

» On the normative foundations of marriage and cohabitation: Results from group discussions in eastern and western Germany
Volume 36 - Article 53    | Keywords: Germany