Volume 36 - Article 23 | Pages 691-728

Education, labour, and the demographic consequences of birth postponement in Europe

By Hippolyte d'Albis, Angela Greulich, Grégory Ponthière

Print this page  

 

References

Merrigan, P. and St-Pierre, Y. (1998). An econometric and neoclassical analysis of the timing and spacing of births in Canada from 1950 to 1990. Journal of Population Economics 11(1): 29–51.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s001480050057
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Human Fertility Database [electronic resource]. Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and Vienna Institute of Demography.

Weblink http://www.humanfertility.org
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Adserà, A. (2004). Changing fertility rates in developed countries. The impact of labour market institutions. Journal of Population Economics 17(1): 17–43.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s00148-003-0166-x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Adserà, A. (2011). Where are the babies? Labor market conditions and fertility in Europe. European Journal of Population 27(1): 1–32.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-010-9222-x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ahn, N. and Mira, P. (2002). A note on the relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries. Journal of Population Economics 15(4): 667–682.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s001480100078
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. (2000). The impact of labour-force participation on childbearing behaviour: Pro-cyclical fertility in Sweden during the 1980s and the 1990s. European Journal of Population 16: 293–333.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006454909642
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G., Rønsen, M., Knudsen, L., Lappegård, T., Neyer, G., Skrede, K., Teschner, K., and Vikat, A. (2008). Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries. Stockholm: 2. Stockholm Universtiy Demography Unit (Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, SRRD–2008).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Arpino, G. and Esping-Andersen, G. (2015). How do changes in gender role attitudes towards female employment influence fertility. A macro-level analysis. European Sociological Review 31(3): 370–382.

Weblink doi:10.1093/esr/jcv002
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Barro, R. and Becker, G. (1989). Fertility choices in a model of economic growth. Econometrica 57(2): 481–501.

Weblink doi:10.2307/1912563
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bettio, F. and Plantenga, J. (2004). Comparing care regimes in Europe. Feminist Economics 10(1): 85–113.

Weblink doi:10.1080/1354570042000198245
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, J. and Feeney, G. (1998). On the quantum and tempo of fertility. Population and Development Review 24(2): 271–291.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2807974
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, J. and Sobotka, T. (2012). A demographic explanation for the recent rise in European fertility. Population and Development Review 38(1): 83–120.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2012.00473.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cigno, A. and Ermisch, J. (1989). A microeconomic analysis of the timing of births. European Economic Review 33(4): 737–760.

Weblink doi:10.1016/0014-2921(89)90023-8
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

D’Albis, H., Greulich, A., and Gobbi, P. (2017). Having a second child and access to childcare: Evidence from European countries. Journal of Demographic Economics forthcoming.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ermisch, J. and Ogawa, N. (1994). Age at motherhood in Japan. Journal of Population Economics 7(4): 393–420.

Weblink doi:10.1007/BF00161474
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esping-Andersen, G. (1999). Social foundations of postindustrial economies. New York: Oxford University Press.

Weblink doi:10.1093/0198742002.001.0001
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Eurostat. European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions [electronic resource].

Weblink http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/microdata/eu ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Freijka, T. (2008). Overview Chapter 5: Determinants of family formation and childbearing during the societal transition in Central and Eastern Europe. Demographic Research 19(7): 139–170.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.7
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Freijka, T. and Sardon, J.-P. (2006). First birth trends in developed countries: Persisting parenthood postponement. Demographic Research 15(6): 147–180.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2006.15.6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Gauthier, A.H. (1996). The state and the family: A comparative analysis of family policies in industrialized countries. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Weblink doi:10.3917/pope.203.0447
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Gauthier, A.H. (2002). Family policies in industrialized countries: Is there convergence? Population 57(3): 447–474.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Goldstein, J., Kreyenfeld, M., Jasilioniene, A., and Örsal, D. (2013). Fertility reactions to the ‘Great Recession’ in Europe: Recent evidence from order-specific data. Demographic Research 29(4): 85–104.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Greulich, A. and Dasré, A. (2016). Quality measures of the number of children in EU–SILC. Work in Progress .

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Greulich, A. and Dasré, A. (2017). Quality of Periodic Fertility Measures in EU–SILC. Demographic Research 36(17): 525–556.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.17
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Greulich, A., Thévenon, O., and Guergoat-Larivière, M. (2016). Securing women's employment: A fertility booster in European countries? Paris: Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (working paper 2016–17).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Gustafsson, S. (2001). Theoretical and empirical considerations of postponement of maternity in Europe. Journal of Population Economics 14(2): 225–247.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s001480000051
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Happel, S., Hill, J.K., and Low, S. (1984). An economic analysis of the timing of child-birth. Population Studies 38(2): 299–311.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324728.1984.10410291
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Heckman, J. and Walker, J. (1990). The relationship between wages and income and the timing and spacing of births: Evidence from Swedish longitudinal data. Econometrica 58(6): 1411–1441.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2938322
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, B. (2000). Entry into motherhood in Sweden: The influence of economic factors on the rise and fall in fertility, 1986–1997. Demographic Research 2(4).

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2000.2.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Impens, K.K. (1989). The impact of female unemployment on fertility in Flanders. In: Cliquet, R.L., Dooghe, G., De Jong-Gierveld, J., and Van Poppel, F. (eds.). Population and family in low countries VI. The Hague: NIDI/CBGS Publications: 119–140.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Joshi, H. (1990). The cash alternative costs of childbearing: An approach to estimation using British data. Population Studies 44(1): 41–60.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000144376
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Klesment, M., Puur, A., Rahnu, L., and Sakkeus, L. (2014). Varying association between education and second births in Europe: Comparative analysis based on the EU–SILC data. Demographic Research 31(27): 813–860.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.27
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kohler, H.-P., Billari, F.C., and Ortega, J.A. (2002). The emergence of lowest-low fertility in Europe during the 1990s. Population and Development Review 28(4): 641–681.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2002.00641.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kravdal, O. (1994). The importance of economic activity, economic potential and economic resources for the timing of first births in Norway. Population Studies 48(2): 249–267.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000147786
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kravdal, O. (2002). The impact of individual and agregate unemployment on fertility in Norway. Demographic Research 6(10): 263–294.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2002.6.10
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kravdal, O. and Rindfuss, R. (2008). Changing relationships between education and fertility: A study of women and men born 1940 to 1964. American Sociological Review 73(5): 854–873.

Weblink doi:10.1177/000312240807300508
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lappegård, T. and Rønsen, M. (2005). The multifaceted impact of education on entry into motherhood. European Journal of Population 21(1): 31–49.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-004-6756-9
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Luci-Greulich, A. and Thévenon, O. (2013). The impact of family policy packages on fertility trends in developed countries. European Journal of Population 29(4): 387–416.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-013-9295-4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Luci-Greulich, A. and Thévenon, O. (2014). Does economic development ‘cause’ a re-increase in fertility? An empirical analysis for OECD countries (1960–2007). European Journal of Population 30(2): 187–221.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-013-9309-2
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

M., Meron., I., Widmer., and Shapiro, D. (2002). Unemployment leads women to postpone the birth of their first child. Population 57(2): 301–330.

Weblink doi:10.3917/pope.202.0301
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Matysiak, A. and Weziak-Bialowoska, D. (2016). Country-specific conditions for work and family reconciliation: An attempt at quantification. European Journal of Population 32(4): 475–510.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-015-9366-9
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H.-P., and Billari, F.C. (2009). Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature 460(6): 741–743.

Weblink doi:10.1038/nature08230
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Neyer, G. and Hoem, B. (2008). Education and permanent childlessness: Austria vs. Sweden. In: Surkyn, J., van Bavel, J., and Deboosere, P. (eds.). Demographic challenges for the 21st century: A tribute to the continuing endeavours of Prof. Dr. Em. Ron Lesthaeghe in the field of demography. Brussels: Academic Press: 91–112.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Neyer, G., Lappegård, T., and Vignoli, D. (2013). Gender equality and fertility: Which equality matters? European Journal of Population 29(3): 245–272.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-013-9292-7
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

OECD (2011). Doing better for families. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Pailhé, A. and Solaz, A. (2012). The influence of employment uncertainty on childbearing in France: A tempo or quantum effect? Demographic Research 26(1): 1–40.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2012.26.1
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Pestieau, P. and Ponthière, G. (2013). Childbearing age, family allowances, and social security. Southern Economic Journal 80(2): 385–413.

Weblink doi:10.4284/0038-4038-2012.061
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Philipov, D. and Kohler, H.-P. (2001). Tempo effects in the fertility decline in Eastern Europe: Evidence from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Russia. European Journal of Population 17(1): 37–60.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1010740213453
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schmitt, C. (2012). Labour market integration, occupational uncertainties and fertility choices in Germany and the UK. Demographic Research 26(12): 253–292.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2012.26.12
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schulz, T.P. (1985). Changing world prices, women's wages and the fertility transition: Sweden 1869–1910. Journal of Political Economy 93(6): 1126–1154.

Weblink doi:10.1086/261353
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T. (2003). Tempo-quantum and period-cohort interplay in fertility changes in Europe. Evidence from the Czech Republic, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden. Demographic Research 8(6): 151–213.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2003.8.6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T. (2004). Is lowest-low fertility in Europe explained by the postponement of childbearing? Population and Development Review 30(2): 195–220.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2004.010_1.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T., Skirbekk, V., and Philipov, D. (2011). Economic recession and fertility in the developed world. Population and Development Review 37(2): 267–306.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2011.00411.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T., Zeman, K., Lesthaeghe, R., Frejka, T., and Neels, K. (2011). Postponement and recuperation in cohort fertility: Austria, Germany and Switzerland in a European Context. Comparative Population Studies 36(2–3): 417–452.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Tasiran, A. (1995). Fertility dynamics: Spacing and timing of births in Sweden and the United States. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thévenon, O. (2008). Family policies in Europe: Available databases and initial comparisons. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 6: 165–177.

Weblink doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2008s165
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thévenon, O. (2011). Family policies in OECE countires. A comparative analysis. Population and Development Review 37(1): 57–87.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2011.00390.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thévenon, O. (2015). Decreasing fertility in Europe: Is it a policy issue? In: Matthijs, K., Neels, K., Timmerman, C., Haers, J., and Mels, S. (eds.). Population change in Europe, the Middle-East and North Africa: Beyond the demographic divide. Burlington: Ashgate: 81–119.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thévenon, O. and Gauthier, A.H. (2011). Family policies in developed countries: A "fertility-booster" with side-effects. Community, Work and Family 14(2): 197–216.

Weblink doi:10.1080/13668803.2011.571400
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wood, J., Neels, K., and Kil, T. (2014). The educational gradient of childlessness and cohort parity progression in 14 low fertility countries. Demographic Research 31(46): 1365–1416.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.46
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wood, J., Vergauwen, J., and Neels, K. (2015). Economic conditions and variation in first birth hazards in 22 European countries between 1970 and 2005. In: Matthijs, K., Neels, K., Timmerman, C., Haers, J., and Mels, S. (eds.). Population change in Europe, the Middle-East and North Africa. Beyond the demographic divide. Burlington: Ashgate: 45–81.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX