Volume 35 - Article 51 | Pages 1523-1536

Age at migration and disability-free life expectancy among the elder Mexican-origin population

By Marc A. Garcia, Chi-Tsun Chiu

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:22 Mar 2016
Date published:07 Dec 2016
Word count:2493
Keywords:active life expectancy, age of migration, disability, Mexican elders, nativity
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2016.35.51
 

Abstract

Background: Migration selectivity is thought to shape the health profiles of Mexican immigrants.

Objective: This study examines how the experience of Mexican migration to the United States affects the health process and the quality of life in old age by age at migration, specific to sex.

Methods: We use 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent disability-free prior to death across eight subgroups by sex, nativity, and age at migration among Mexican-origin elderly in the United States.

Results: Female migrants are at a significant disadvantage in terms of IADL disability-free life expectancy relative to US-born women, particularly late-life migrants. Conversely, mid- and late-life male migrants exhibit an advantage in ADL disability-free life expectancy compared to their US-born counterparts.

Conclusions: Foreign-born Mexican elders are not a homogeneous group. This issue merits special attention in the development of community-based long-term care programs in order to appropriately target the specific needs of different subgroups of older Mexican individuals entering their last decades of life.

Contribution: This study contributes to immigrant health literature by providing a more comprehensive documentation of nativity differentials, by distinguishing subgroups of Mexican elderly by sex, nativity, and age at migration.

Author's Affiliation

Marc A. Garcia - University of Texas Medical Branch, United States of America [Email]
Chi-Tsun Chiu - Academia Sinica, Taiwan [Email]

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Age patterns of racial/ethnic/nativity differences in disability and physical functioning in the United States
Volume 31 - Article 17    | Keywords: disability, nativity

» A multistate model to project elderly disability in case of limited data
Volume 32 - Article 3    | Keywords: disability

» Self-Reported Versus Performance-Based Measures of Physical Function: Prognostic Value for Survival
Volume 30 - Article 7    | Keywords: disability

» Occupational inequalities in health expectancies in France in the early 2000s: Unequal chances of reaching and living retirement in good health
Volume 25 - Article 12    | Keywords: disability

» A note on race, ethnicity and nativity differentials in remarriage in the United States
Volume 24 - Article 13    | Keywords: nativity