Volume 32 - Article 56 | Pages 1519-1566

Partnership dynamics among migrants and their descendants in Estonia

By Leen Rahnu, Allan Puur, Luule Sakkeus, Martin Klesment

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Date received:08 Jul 2014
Date published:12 Jun 2015
Word count:7954
Keywords:Estonia, migrants, partnership dissolution, partnership formation, second generation
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2015.32.56
Weblink:You will find all publications in this Special Collection “Partnership Dynamics among Immigrants and Their Descendants in Europe” at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/18/
 

Abstract

Background: Extensive scholarly literature documents the decline in marriage and increase in non-marital cohabitation and divorce across regions and countries of Europe, but we know less about the extent to which these new family behaviours that have emerged in host societies are adopted by migrants.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine partnership transitions among the migrants and their descendants in Estonia, who mainly originate from the European part of Russia. By investigating an East European context, the study contributes to a more comprehensive account of migrant populations in different socio-economic and cultural settings.

Methods: The study is based on the Estonian Generations and Gender Survey (2004/2005) and the Estonian Family and Fertility Survey (1994/1997), and employs proportional hazards models.

Results: The results show that new family formation patterns, associated with the Second Demographic Transition, are less prevalent among migrants. The difference between migrants and native Estonians is most pronounced in the mode of partnership formation and outcomes of cohabiting unions, whereas the results pertaining to union dissolution reveal a less systematic difference between population groups. Reflecting the relatively slow integration, the second-generation migrants exhibit partnership behaviour that differs from that of the native population. The observed differences between migrants and the native population appear largely similar for both men and women.

Conclusions: The results lend support to socialisation, cultural maintenance, and adaptation hypotheses, and underscore the importance of contextual factors. The analysis reveals disruption effects of migration on partnership processes.

Author's Affiliation

Leen Rahnu - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Allan Puur - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Luule Sakkeus - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Martin Klesment - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Childbearing among first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia against the background of the sending and host countries
Volume 36 - Article 41

» Socioeconomic and cultural differentials in mortality in a late 19th century urban setting: A linked records study from Tartu, Estonia, 1897-1900
Volume 36 - Article 1

» Varying association between education and second births in Europe: Comparative analysis based on the EU-SILC data
Volume 31 - Article 27

» Jobs, careers, and becoming a parent under state socialist and market conditions: Evidence from Estonia 1971-2006
Volume 30 - Article 64

» Intergenerational family constellations in contemporary Europe: Evidence from the Generations and Gender Survey
Volume 25 - Article 4

» Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: Evidence from the Estonian GGS
Volume 22 - Article 28

» Reconciling studies of men’s gender attitudes and fertility: Response to Westoff and Higgins
Volume 22 - Article 8

» Men's childbearing desires and views of the male role in Europe at the dawn of the 21st century
Volume 19 - Article 56

» First union formation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: patterns across countries and gender
Volume 17 - Article 10

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